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Mother Toddler Dental Care

DENTAL CARE DURING PREGNANCY

Dental care for both mother & child starts during pregnancy itself. Due to the hormonal changes in pregnancy, bleeding gums in one of the most common complaints. Ideally, all dental treatment must be done in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy (4th - 6th month).

DENTAL CARE DURING PREGNANCY

As a routine protocol, brushing twice  a day is a must. Along with that a to be mother would have to ensure her teeth are clean. Also dental cleaning (scaling) is recommended in the 2nd trimester. If any other treatment is required, it can be completed in the 2nd trimester. Exposure to X-Rays during the entire pregnancy is to be avoided.

Also, an expecting mother's diet must be a healthy, balanced diet, which includes proteins, nutrients &  minerals. Many women suffer from morning sickness which causes a lot of acid regurgitation and can damage the teeth. Rinsing  your mouth after you are sick helps a lot to clean out the acid. High calcium intake will ensure healthy development of baby's teeth. Milk & milk products, broccoli, figs & oranges are all rich sources of calcium. Try to avoid sticky, sugary foods, colas that can cause damage to teeth during pregnancy. Smoking and drinking are a strict no-no during pregnancy. Even passive smoking has been known to cause haven to a child's development.


DENTAL CARE OF YOUR INFANT

DENTAL CARE OF YOUR INFANT
 
After the child is born, mothers are known to have a lot of unanswered questions regarding their child's teeth. The right care for teeth during a child's younger years will ensure healthy development of the teeth. Humans are known to have 2 sets of teeth: milk teeth and permanent teeth. The first tooth appears at approximately 6 month of age. Milk teeth are 20 in number. The first permanent tooth appears at 6 years of age.  

TEETHING

TEETHING

The process of teething can cause same pain and discomfort to the baby. Rise in temperature, vomiting, diarrhea are all associated with teething. Child tends to be irritable and cranky while teething. Teething pain can be treated by:

  1. Putting a wet clean wash cloth in the refrigerator and giving it to the baby to chew on. It acts as a pacifier.
  2. Refrigerating the teether also helps.
  3. Massage the babies gums with your clean finger.
  4. Simply chewing on gums with a teether also relieves the pain.

CLEANING YOUR INFANT'S TEETH

The process of cleaning your babies teeth starts as soon as the first tooth appears in the mouth. Children need help in cleaning their teeth until they are about 7 years old.

Babies teeth can be cleaned with a piece of clean gauze or clean muslin cloth wrapped around the mothers finger.

CLEANING YOUR INFANTS TEETH

Making the baby sleep immediately after feeding without cleaning the mouth is known to be one of the most common causes of early decay of teeth. Also avoid giving sweetened milk to your child. As the child grows older, use of children's toothbrush with soft bristles and a pea-sized amount of toothpaste.

Routine checkups of the child with a dentist can be started after the eruption of 1st tooth at 6 months of age.

baby bottle tooth decay

Mothers milk is essential for the first 6 months for overall development of the child including teeth. After 6 months, the process of weaning can be started wherein the child can be given food other than mother's milk. When feeding with a bottle, make sure it is sterilized properly. Make sure there is no sugary drink in the bottle. Putting the baby to sleep while drinking from a bottle is the cause of baby bottle tooth decay. A baby is never born with a sweet tooth and will have the taste of sugar if given at an early age. Also bottle feeding must be stopped at an early age to avoid dental problems.


THUMB SUCKING

THUMB SUCKING
Thumb sucking is a common habit seen in children. According to the American Dental Association, children can safely suck on their thumbs till the permanent teeth start to erupt. It can be a cause of concern if thumb sucking goes on up to 6-8 years.

SPACES BETWEEN MILK TEETH

SPACES BETWEEN MILK TEETH
Gaps between milk teeth are supposed to be there and only if the teeth do not have gaps between them, should be a cause of worry for the parent. A dental consult is advised at the earliest.

Teaching your children good dental habits can lead to a healthy smile. Early care by the mother for the toddler and herself ensures a good set of teeth for both. Also, the inculcation of dental hygiene from an early age helps the child in developing good habits and maintaining his/her teeth.

 

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